Ndondomeko yamadzi yonyowa

Mapiritsi ndi imodzi mwamagawo omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri, okhala ndi zotulutsa zazikulu kwambiri komanso omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri. Njira yodzikongoletsera yachizolowezi ikadali njira yodziwika bwino popanga mankhwala. Ili ndi njira zopangira okhwima, tinthu tating'onoting'ono tating'ono, magwiridwe antchito apamwamba, ndikuwumba kopanikiza. Zabwino ndi zina zabwino, ndizogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pamakampani opanga mankhwala.

Njira yopangira mapiritsi imatha kugawidwa pakapangidwe kazinthu zopangira komanso zothandizira, zolemera, granulating, kuyanika, kusakaniza, kuyika, zokutira, ndi zina zambiri. Pali mawu akuti m'makampani: granulation ndiye mtsogoleri, kuyika patebulo ndiye maziko, ndipo kulongedza ndi mchira wa Phoenix, zitha kuwoneka kuti njira ya granulation imagwira gawo lofunikira pakupanga mapiritsi onse, koma momwe mungapangire zinthu zofewa ndikupeza granules, pakadali pano pali tanthauzo lakuya kwambiri m'mabuku "ogwiritsika mpira, kukhudza ndikubalalika ”, Sinafotokozeredwe. Kutengera zomwe wolemba adazipanga pakapangidwe kake, nkhaniyi ifotokoza zinthu zingapo zomwe zimakhudza kukhazikika kwa mapiritsi onyowa, ndikupereka njira zowunikirira zowonetsetsa kuti mankhwala akupangidwa.

Kupanga mankhwala osaphika

Zipangizo zopangira ndi othandizira nthawi zambiri amafunika kuti aziphwanyidwa ndikuwonetsedwa musanaphatikizidwe konyowa komanso kupanga granulation. Zochitika zina zosayenerera zomwe zimakonda kuchitika patebulo, monga kusakanikirana, kugawanika, kumamatira kapena kusungunuka, ndi zina zambiri, ndizogwirizana kwambiri ndi kuchepa kwa zinthu zopanda pake pakapangidwe kake. Ngati zopangidwazo ndizowuma kapena makhiristo owoneka ngati singano, kuthekera kwa zopatukana pamwambazi kudzawonekeratu. Chophimba chazakugulitsana, kuphwanyidwa ndi kusisitidwa mwanjira zachikhalidwe nthawi zambiri kumakhala mauna 80 kapena 100 mesh, koma ndikupititsa patsogolo zida ndi ukadaulo wazida zopangira, zambiri mwa zinthu zopangira zomwe zaphwanyidwa pazenera ma 80 pamachitidwe achikhalidwe tsopano ikhoza kupitirira 100. Kutheka kwa chochitika pamwambapa kumachepetsedwa kwambiri chifukwa cha ufa wabwino womwe waphwanyidwa kudzera mu sefa ya 100-mesh. Chifukwa chake, kuyera kwa zopangira ndi zothandizira kudzera pa sefa ya 100 kumachepetsa pang'ono pang'onopang'ono ma 80-mesh sieving.

Kulemera

Chifukwa kuwonjezeka kapena kuchepa kwa kulemera kwa chinthu chilichonse kumapangitsa kusintha kwamachitidwe ena, komwe kumadzetsa kusakhazikika kwa mtundu wa tinthu, zomwe zingayambitse zovuta zingapo monga kudumphira ma piritsi, kufooka kwambiri, kupindika pang'ono kapena kuchepa Kusungunuka, kotero nthawi iliyonse mukamadyetsa ndalamazo sizingasinthidwe mwachisawawa. Pakakhala zochitika zapadera, kulemera kwake kuyenera kutsimikiziridwa malinga ndi kutsimikiza kwa ndondomekoyi.

Kukonzekera kwa particles
Masiku ano, makina osakaniza othamanga kwambiri othamanga ndi zida zogwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakupanga granulation. Poyerekeza ndi chosakanizira chachikhalidwe ndi granulator, mtundu uwu wa granulator makamaka chifukwa cha zovuta zamankhwala osiyanasiyana kapena kufunafuna kwapamwamba kwambiri. Chifukwa chake, granulator sichimachotsedwa, ndipo makina othamangitsa othamanga kwambiri amangogwiritsidwa ntchito ngati chosakanizira chachikhalidwe, kenako ma granules ambiri amtunduwu amapezeka kudzera mu granulation. Njira zomwe zimakhudza mtundu wama granules onyowa makamaka zimaphatikizapo zinthu zambiri monga kutentha, mlingo, kuwonjezera njira ya binder, liwiro loyambitsa ndi kudula la granulator, komanso nthawi yoyambitsa ndi kudula.

Kutentha kwa zomatira
Kutentha kwa zomatira ndizovuta kwambiri zowerengera zowongolera pakupanga kwakukula. Ndizosatheka kuyendetsa molondola kusasinthasintha kwa kutentha musanawonjezere zomatira nthawi zonse. Chifukwa chake, mitundu yambiri sigwiritsa ntchito kutentha ngati cholozera, koma pakupanga zenizeni, zimapezeka kuti kutentha kwa wowuma kumakhudza kwambiri mitundu ina yapadera. Kwa mitundu iyi, kutentha kumafunikira bwino. Mumikhalidwe yabwinobwino, kutentha kumakhala kwakukulu. Kukwezeka kolumikizira kotsika, kutsika kwa piritsi kumakhala kovuta; kukwera kwa starch slurry kutentha, kutsitsa kumamatira, komanso kukhathamiritsa kwa piritsi. Chifukwa chake, munjira zina zomwe zimagwiritsa ntchito starch slurry ngati binder, kutentha kwa binder kuyenera kuyang'aniridwa pamlingo winawake.

Kuchuluka kwa zomatira

Kuchuluka kwa binder kumakhudza kwambiri tinthu tonyowa, chifukwa chake kuchuluka kwake kumagwiritsidwanso ntchito ngati gawo lofunikira pakuwongolera. Nthawi zambiri, kokulirapo kwake kwa binder, kumakulitsa kuchuluka kwa tinthu ndi kuuma, koma kuchuluka kwa binder nthawi zambiri kumasiyanasiyana ndi gulu la zopangira ndi zothandizira. Padzakhalanso kusintha pang'ono pakusiyana pakati pa mitundu yosiyanasiyana, yomwe imafunikira kuti ipezeke pakupanga kwakanthawi malinga ndi mitundu yosiyanasiyana. Pofuna kusintha kulimba kwa zinthu zofewa, munthawi yoyenera, njira yowonjezera kuchuluka kwa binder ndiyabwino kuposa njira yowonjezera nthawi yosakanikirana.

Kukhazikika kwa zomatira

Nthawi zambiri, kulumikizana kwambiri kumakulirakulira, mamasukidwe akayendedwe, omwe samatha kugawanika pamlingo wake. Opanga ambiri sangasankhe kusintha ndende pakapeza zomata pambuyo pakutsimikizira, koma kuwongolera zinthu zofewa posintha kuchuluka kwa zomatira, nthawi zambiri kulumikizana. Wothandiziridwayo adzalembedwa ngati mtengo wokhazikika pamachitidwe ndi osagwiritsidwa ntchito kusintha mtundu wa tinthu tonyowa, chifukwa chake sindibwereza pano.

Momwe mungapangire zomatira

Gwiritsani ntchito makina othamanga kwambiri othamanga kwambiri kuti mugwiritse ntchito. Nthawi zambiri, pali njira ziwiri zowonjezera binder. Imodzi ndikuimitsa makinawo, tsegulani chivundikirocho, ndikutsanulira cholingacho molunjika. Mwanjira iyi, chomangiracho sichimwazika kufalikira, ndipo granulation ndi Nthawi zina ndikosavuta kuyambitsa ndende yayikulu komanso kukhazikika kwa tinthu tating'onoting'ono. Zotsatira zake ndikuti mapiritsi omwe amatulutsidwa amasungunuka kapena amasungunula kusiyana kwakukulu; inayo ndi boma losayima, pogwiritsa ntchito binder feed hopper, kutsegula valavu yodyetsa, ndikuyambitsa. Powonjezera pochita izi, njira yodyetserayi imatha kupewa kufanana komweko ndikupanga tinthu tofananira. Komabe, chifukwa cha zofunikira za mtundu wa binder, kapangidwe kazida kapena zizolowezi zogwiritsira ntchito, ndi zina zambiri, zimachepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito njira yachiwiri yopangira. gwiritsani.

Kusankha kwa liwiro losakanikirana ndi liwiro lodula

Kapangidwe kazinthu zofewa panthawi yamagetsi kumakhudzana mwachindunji ndikusankhidwa kwa liwiro losakanikirana la granulator, lomwe limakhudza kwambiri ma pellets, ndipo limakhudza mwachindunji mapiritsi omwe adatulutsidwa. Pakadali pano, mota yoyeserera ya granulator yothamanga kwambiri yothamanga ili ndi ma liwiro awiri komanso kuwongolera pafupipafupi liwiro. Liwiro lachiwiri lagawidwa liwiro lotsika komanso kuthamanga kwambiri. Kuthamanga kwazowongolera pafupipafupi kumagwiritsa ntchito kuwongolera liwiro, koma kuwongolera liwiro pamanja kumakhudza ma particles pamlingo winawake. Choncho, mkulu-liwiro kusanganikirana granulator ndi pafupipafupi kutembenuka liwiro lamulo zambiri amakhazikitsa kusanganikirana liwiro ndi kuthamanga nthawi, ndi kuyamba basi ntchito pulogalamu kuchepetsa kusiyana anthu. Mitundu yamtundu uliwonse, kutembenuka kwamafupipafupi kumagwiritsidwabe ntchito ngati liwiro lachiwiri, koma mitundu ina yapadera, yomwe imagwira ntchito nthawi yomweyo, mutha kuwonjezera liwiro kuti mupeze zofewa zolimbitsa thupi, kuti mupewe kusanganikirana kwakanthawi komwe kumayambitsidwa ndi zofewa ndizolimba kwambiri.

Kusankha kosakanikirana ndi nthawi yowotchera

Njira yomwe imakhudza mtundu wazida zofewa ndi nthawi yosakaniza ndi kuwotcha. Kukhazikitsa magawo ake kumatsimikizira kupambana kapena kulephera kwa njira ya granulation. Ngakhale liwiro losakanikirana ndi liwiro losinthasintha limatha kusinthidwa ndikusintha kwakanthawi, njira zambiri zimakhazikika Kuti muchepetse kusiyana, kuti mupeze zofewa zoyenera, sankhani zinthu zofewa posintha nthawi. Nthawi zonse, kusakanikirana kwakanthawi ndi nthawi yochepetsera kumachepetsa kuchepa kwake, kuuma kwake, ndi kufanana kwake kwa ma particles, ndi ming'alu ndi kufanana kosavomerezeka patebulo; Kutalika kwa nthawi yayitali komanso kuwononga nthawi kumayambitsa kuchuluka kwa ma particles ngati ziwonjezeke, zofewazo zitha kulephera panthawi yopanikiza piritsi, nthawi yowonongeka ya piritsiyo idzakhala yayitali, ndipo kusungunuka kudzakhala kosakwanira.

Zipangizo zamagetsi ndi njira zamagetsi
Pakadali pano, kusankha kwa zida zogwiritsira ntchito granulation yonyowa kumagawidwa mu granulator yamagetsi yambiri komanso kugwedeza granulator. Ubwino wa granulator wambirimbiri ndiwothandiza kwambiri komanso kosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito. Chosavuta ndi kusiyana kwa kuchuluka ndi kuthamanga kwakanthawi chifukwa chodyetsa. , Kufanana kwa ma particles kumakhala koyipa pang'ono; Ubwino wa mtundu wa granulator wosunthira ndikuti granules ndi yunifolomu, ndipo kusiyana kwa kuchuluka kwakadyetsedwe kake ndi liwiro lodyetsa ndizochepa. Chosavuta ndichakuti magwiridwe antchito ndi ochepa ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito zowonetsera komwe kumagwiritsidwa ntchito kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuthetsedwa. Kuyika kumakhala kovuta. Kukula kosiyana kwa tinthu kumatha kuyambitsa kusiyana kumatha kupitirira malire. Chiwerengero cha mauna ndi liwiro la mawonekedwe onse a tinthu titha kuwongoleredwa kuti zisinthe. Nthawi zambiri, ngati tinthu tating'onoting'ono tothina, mutha kulingalira zowonjezera liwiro, posankha chinsalu chokulirapo, ndikuchepetsa chakudya nthawi iliyonse. Ngati ma particles ndi otayirira, mutha kulingalira zochepetsera liwiro, posankha chophimba chochepa, ndikuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa chakudya nthawi iliyonse. Kuphatikiza apo, posankha zowonera, nthawi zambiri pamakhala zowonera zosapanga dzimbiri komanso zowonera za nylon zomwe mungasankhe. Malinga ndi zokumana nazo pakupanga komanso zinthu zofewa, ndibwino kusankha zowonera zosapanga dzimbiri zazitsulo zofewa, ndi zofewa. Chophimba cha nayiloni ndichabwino kwambiri, ndipo mtundu wa swing granulator amathanso kulingalira za kukhazikika kwazenera kuti musinthe kuti mupeze ma particles oyenera. ''

Youma

Maonekedwe abwino a kuyanika ndi tinthu tating'onoting'ono. The chinyezi tinthu ndi zofunika kuwunika chinthu kwa khalidwe la particles lapansi. Kuwongolera koyenera kwa parameter kumakhudza mawonekedwe ndi kuwuma kwa piritsi patebulo. Nthawi zonse, kupezeka kwa tebulo patebulo kumatha kuganiziridwa ngati kungayambike chifukwa cha chinyezi chochepa, ndipo ngati kumamatira kumachitika patebulo, ndikofunikira kudziwa ngati zimayambitsidwa ndi chinyezi chambiri. Ndondomeko yolamulira ya chinyezi chazinthu nthawi zambiri imatsimikizika koyambirira kudzera pakutsimikizira kwa njira, koma chinyezi nthawi zambiri chimakhala chovuta kuberekanso, ndipo ndikofunikira kusonkhanitsa deta ndikupanga gawo loyang'anira chinyezi. Njira zambiri zoyesera zimagwiritsa ntchito kuyanika kowira. Zomwe zimakhudza zimaphatikizapo magawo amachitidwe monga kuthamanga kwa nthunzi, kutentha kwa kuyanika, nthawi yowuma, komanso kulemera kwa tinthu touma. Chinyezi cha ma particles chimayang'aniridwa ndi chowunikira chinyezi mwachangu. Wogwiritsa ntchito waluso amatha nthawi yayitali. Pochita kupanga, chinyezi cha chilichonse choumitsa chimayang'aniridwa bwino, chomwe chitha kukonza bwino magwiridwe antchito ndipo chitha kuyendetsa bwino chinyezi. Kuphatikiza pa chidziwitso cha nthawi yayitali, gwero loyambira la data ndi kuyanika nthawi ndi kutentha kwa zida.

Kusungunuka konse kwa ma granules owuma

Chimodzimodzi ndi granulation yonyowa ndikuti magawo amachitidwe omwe amakhudza mtundu wa ma granules owuma nthawi zambiri amakhala nambala ya mauna ndi liwiro lazenera lonse la granulation. Pofuna kuonetsetsa kuti zinthu zikuyenda bwino patebulo, pangani magawidwe oyenera kwambiri. Uwu ndi mwayi womaliza kusintha. , Posankha ma meshes osiyanasiyana ndi ma liwiro ozungulira, imakhudza kwambiri ma particles owuma. Mwambiri, tinthu tikakhala tothinana, sankhani chinsalu chaching'ono, ndipo tinthu timeneti tikamasuka, sankhani chinsalu chachikulu. Komabe, munthawi zonse, izi sizingakhale chisankho chokhwima. Ngati mukufuna kupeza tinthu tating'onoting'ono, mukufunikirabe kuphunzira ndikukonza njira yopangira zida zofewa.

Kusakaniza

Njira zosakanikirana zomwe zimakhudza mtundu wa tinthu nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosakaniza, kuthamanga kwa chosakanizira, ndi nthawi yosakanikirana. Kuchuluka kwa chisakanizocho ndi mtengo wokhazikika pambuyo poti kutsimikizika kwatsimikizidwe. Kuthamanga kwa chosakanizira kumatha kukhudzidwa ndi kuyendetsa kwa liwiro la chosakanizira chifukwa chovala cha zida. Kufanana kwa kusanganikirana kumafuna kuyang'anira zida ndikuwunikira nthawi ndi nthawi zida zisanapangidwe. Pofuna kuonetsetsa pachilichonse cha tinthu kusanganikirana kwambiri ndi kupeza yunifolomu khalidwe mankhwala, m'pofunika kupeza nthawi kusanganikirana kudzera yachinsinsi ndondomeko. Nthawi yokwanira yosakanikirana ndi chitsimikizo chotsimikizika chotsimikizira kuchuluka kwa mafutawo mu tinthu touma, apo ayi chopangira mafuta chimapanga magulu opanga magetsi pamagetsi posakaniza tinthu touma, zomwe zingakhudze mtundu wa ma particles.

Chidziwitso:
Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zachokera pa netiweki, zomwe zidatulutsidwa kuti zigawe zambiri, monga zomwe zili pantchito, zolemba zaumwini, chonde titumizireni pasanathe masiku 30, tidzatsimikizira ndikuchotsa nthawi yoyamba. Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi ndi za wolemba, sizoyimira malingaliro athu, sizimapereka malingaliro aliwonse, ndipo mawu awa ndi zochitika zili ndi tanthauzo lomaliza.


Post nthawi: Apr-20-2021